Friday, August 7, 2015

Marissa Ann Mayer

  1. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
    This article is about the Yahoo CEO. For the novelist, see Marissa Meyer.
    Marissa Mayer
    Marissa Mayer May 2014 (cropped).jpg
    Marissa Mayer, 2014
    Born Marissa Ann Mayer
    May 30, 1975 (age 40)
    Wausau, Wisconsin, U.S.
    Nationality American
    Alma mater Stanford University (B.S. & M.S.)
    • President & CEO, Yahoo![1]
    • Computer programming instructor, Stanford University
    Employer Yahoo!
    Salary $117 million over 5 years;[2] $36.6 million for first six months.[3]
    Net worth Increase US$300 million[4]
    Political party Democratic
    Board member of
    Religion Lutheran[7]
    Spouse(s) Zachary Bogue (m. 2009)[8]
    Children 1
    Marissa Ann Mayer (/ˈmər/;[9] born May 30, 1975) is the current president and CEO of Yahoo!, a position she has held since July 2012. Previously, she was a long-time executive, usability leader, and key spokesperson for Google.[10][11][12] In 2014, Mayer was ranked sixth on Fortune‍ '​s 40 under 40 list,[13] and was ranked the 16th most-powerful businesswoman in the world that year according to the same publication.[14]

    Early life and education

    Mayer was born in Wausau, Wisconsin, the daughter of Margaret Mayer, an art teacher of Finnish descent,[15] and Michael Mayer, an environmental engineer who worked for water companies.[16][17][18] Her grandfather, Clem Mayer, had polio when he was 7 and served as mayor of Jackson, Wisconsin for 32 years.[19][20][21] As a child, Mayer was "painfully shy" and was a Brownie.[22] During middle school and high school, she took piano and ballet lessons, the latter which taught her "criticism and discipline, poise and confidence."[22]
    When she was attending Wausau West High School, Mayer was on the curling team and the precision dance team.[22] She excelled in chemistry, calculus, biology, and physics.[23] She took part in extracurricular activities, becoming president of her high school's Spanish club, treasurer of Key Club, captain of the debate team, and captain of the pom-pom squad.[22] Her high school debate team won the Wisconsin state championship and the pom-pom squad was the state runner-up.[19] During high school, she worked as a grocery clerk.[24] After graduating from high school in 1993,[25] Mayer was selected by Tommy Thompson, then the Governor of Wisconsin, as one of the state's two delegates to attend the National Youth Science Camp in West Virginia.[26]
    Intending to become a pediatric neurosurgeon,[27] Mayer took pre-med classes at Stanford University.[22] She later switched her major from pediatric neuroscience to symbolic systems.[28] At Stanford, she danced in the university ballet’s Nutcracker, was a member of parliamentary debate, volunteered at children’s hospitals, and helped bring computer-science education to Bermuda’s schools.[29] During her junior year, she taught a class in symbolic systems, with Eric S. Roberts as her supervisor. The class was so well received by students that Roberts asked Mayer to teach another class over the summer.[22] Mayer went on to graduate with honors from Stanford with a B.S. in 1997[28][29] and an M.S. in computer science in 1999.[30] For both degrees, her specialization was in artificial intelligence. For her undergraduate thesis, she built travel-recommendation software that advised users in natural-sounding human language.[27] In 2009, the Illinois Institute of Technology granted Mayer an honoris causa doctorate degree in recognition of her work in the field of search.[31][32]
    Mayer interned at SRI International in Menlo Park, California, and Ubilab, UBS's research lab based in Zurich, Switzerland.[27][33] She holds several patents in artificial intelligence and interface design.[34][35]



    After graduating from Stanford, Mayer received 14 job offers,[28] including a teaching job at Carnegie Mellon University[29] and a consulting job at McKinsey & Company.[22] She joined Google in 1999 as employee number 20 and was the company's first female engineer.[36][37] She started out writing code and overseeing small teams of engineers, developing and designing Google’s search offerings.[11] She became known for her attention to detail[38] which helped land her a promotion to product manager,[39] and later became Director of Consumer Web products.[19][40] She oversaw the layout of Google's well-known, unadorned search homepage.[40][41][42]
    In 2002, Mayer started the Associate Product Manager (APM) program, a Google mentorship program aimed to recruit new talents and cultivate and train them for leadership roles within the company. Each year, Mayer selected a number of junior employees for the two-year program, which would see them take on a number of extracurricular assignments and intensive evening classes.[22][38][43] Notable graduates of the program include Bret Taylor and Justin Rosenstein.[43] In 2005 she became Vice President of Search Products and User Experience.[44] Mayer held key roles in Google Search, Google Images, Google News, Google Maps, Google Books, Google Product Search, Google Toolbar, iGoogle, and Gmail.[45]
    Mayer was the Vice President of Google Product Search until the end of 2010, when she was demoted[46] by then-CEO Eric Schmidt to head the Local, Maps, and Location Services.[38][47] In 2011, she secured Google's acquisition of survey site Zagat for $125 million.[38] While Mayer was working at Google, she taught introductory computer programming at Stanford and mentored students at the East Palo Alto Charter School.[27] She was awarded the Centennial Teaching Award and the Forsythe Award from Stanford.[48]


    On July 16, 2012, Mayer was appointed President and CEO of Yahoo!, effective the following day. She is also a member of the company's board of directors.[49][50] To simplify the bureaucratic process and "make the culture the best version of itself", Mayer launched a new online program called PB&J. It collects employee complaints, as well as their votes on problems in the office; if a problem generates at least 50 votes, online management automatically investigates the matter.[51] In February 2013, Mayer oversaw a major personnel policy change at Yahoo! that required all remote-working employees to convert to in-office roles.[52] Having worked from home toward the end of her pregnancy, Mayer returned to work after giving birth to a boy, and had a nursery built next to her office suite—Mayer was consequently criticized for the telecommuting ban.[53]
    In April 2013, Mayer changed Yahoo!'s maternity leave policy, lengthening its time allowance and providing a cash bonus to parents.[54] CNN noted this was in line with other Silicon Valley companies, such as Facebook and Google.[55][56] On May 20, 2013, Mayer led Yahoo! to acquire Tumblr in a $1.1 billion acquisition.[57][58] The acquisition was just one in a series of major purchases that have occurred since Mayer became the CEO of the company[citation needed]. In July 2013, Yahoo! reported a fall in revenues, but a rise in profits compared with the same period in the previous year. Reaction on Wall Street was muted, with shares falling 1.7%.[59] In September 2013, it was reported that the stock price of Yahoo! had doubled over the 14 months since Mayer's appointment.[60] In November 2013, Mayer instituted a performance review system based on a bell curve ranking of employees, suggesting that managers rank their employees on a bell curve, with those at the low end being fired.[61][62] Employees complained that some managers were viewing the process as mandatory.[62]
    In 2014, Mayer was heavily criticized for many of her management decisions in pieces by The New York Times and The New Yorker.[63][64]

    Boards and honors

    As well as sitting on the boards of directors of Walmart, Jawbone, and Yahoo! Mayer also sits on several non-profit boards such as Cooper–Hewitt, National Design Museum, New York City Ballet, San Francisco Ballet, and San Francisco Museum of Modern Art.[65][66][67][68] Mayer actively invests in technology companies, including crowd-sourced design retailer Minted,[69][70] live video platform Airtime,[70] wireless power startup uBeam,[70] online DIY community/e-commerce company Brit + Co.,[70][71] mobile payments processor Square,[70] home décor site One Kings Lane,[70][72] and genetic testing company Natera.[70]
    Mayer was named to Fortune magazine's annual list of America's 50 Most Powerful Women in Business in 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012 and 2013 with ranks at 50, 44, 42, 38, 14 and 8 respectively.[73] In 2008, at age 33, she was the youngest woman ever listed. Mayer was named one of Glamour Magazine‍ '​s Women of the Year in 2009.[74] She was listed in Forbes Magazine's List of The World's 100 Most Powerful Women in 2012, 2013 and 2014, with ranks of 20, 32 and 18 respectively. In September 2013, Mayer became the first CEO of a Fortune 500 company to be featured in a Vogue magazine spread.[16] In 2013, she was also named in the Time 100 and became the first woman listed as number one on Fortune magazine's annual list of the top 40 business stars under 40 years old.[75] Mayer eventually made Fortune magazine history in 2013, as the only person to feature in all three of its annual lists during the same year: Businessperson of the Year (No. 10), Most Powerful Women (at No. 8), and 40 Under 40 (No. 1) at the same time.[76]

    Personal life

    Mayer and her husband, Zachary Bogue, in May 2014.
    Mayer dated Google co-founder Larry Page in the early 2000s.[39] Mayer married lawyer and investor Zachary Bogue on December 12, 2009.[77][78] On the day Yahoo announced her hiring, Mayer revealed that she was pregnant;[79][80][81] she gave birth to a baby boy on September 30, 2012.[82] Although she asked for suggestions via social media,[83] the name Macallister was eventually chosen for her baby's name from an existing list.[84]
    Mayer is Lutheran,[7] but said, referencing Vince Lombardi's "Your God, your family and the Green Bay Packers" quote, her priorities are “God, family and Yahoo, except I'm not that religious, so it's really family and Yahoo.”[85] In August 2013, Business Insider reported that Mayer lives in a penthouse suite at the Four Seasons Hotel in San Francisco with her husband and son.[22]


  2. Womack, Brian (October 12, 2010). "Google Executive Marissa Mayer Takes New Role in Location, Local Services". Bloomberg Businessweek. Retrieved April 21, 2012.

  3. Davidoff, Steven M. (July 27, 2012). "Adding Up Marissa Mayer's Pay at Yahoo". New York Times Dealbook. Retrieved August 8, 2012.

  4. Bradshaw, Tim. "Yahoo Pays Chief Marissa Mayer $36 Million for First 6 Months". Financial Times. Retrieved May 2, 2013.

  5. "The real reason Marissa Mayer left Google: She had to". VentureBeat. July 17, 2012. Retrieved August 8, 2012.

  6. "Yahoo CEO Marissa Mayer and Warner Music Group COO Robert Wiesenthal Joining Jawbone’s Board of Directors" (PDF). Jawbone. May 1, 2013. Retrieved October 2, 2014.

  7. "Walmart Board of Directors Nominates New Candidate: Marissa Mayer to stand for election at Walmart’s 2012 Annual Shareholders' Meeting". Bloomberg. Bloomberg LP. April 16, 2012. Retrieved December 26, 2014.

  8. "Yahoo CEO Mayer's "God" and "baby is easy" quotes go viral". CNN. December 3, 2012. Retrieved December 4, 2012.

  9. Singer, Sally (December 14, 2009). "The Bride Wore Snowflakes". Vogue. Retrieved August 26, 2012.

  10. "Musicians@Google Presents: Google Goes Gaga". YouTube. September 19, 2010. Retrieved June 14, 2013.

  11. Mayer, M. (2008). "Innovation, design, and simplicity at google". ACM SIGCSE Bulletin 40: 199. doi:10.1145/1352322.1352205.

  12. Holson, Laura (March 1, 2009). "Putting a Bolder Face on Google". The New York Times. p. BU-1.

  13. Stone, Brad (July 16, 2012). "Marissa Mayer Is Yahoo's New CEO". Bloomberg Businessweek. Retrieved August 26, 2012.

  14. "Fortune Most Powerful Women in Business". Retrieved November 25, 2013.

  15. "Fortune Most Powerful Women in Business". Fortune. Retrieved January 14, 2015.

  16. Jännäri, Jenny (November 9, 2011). "Google-johtaja vieraili Suomessa sukujuurillaan". Kauppalehti. Retrieved July 16, 2012. English title: "Google vice president visits the land of her ancestors".

  17. Weisberg, Jacob (August 16, 2013). "Yahoo's Marissa Mayer: Hail to the Chief". Vogue. Retrieved August 24, 2013.

  18. "Marissa Mayer: The Talent Scout". Businessweek. June 18, 2006. Retrieved August 8, 2012.

  19. Chernin, Andrew (January 16, 2010). "La mujer fuerte de Google". Qué Pasa (Quepasa). Retrieved August 8, 2012.

  20. Elgin, Ben (October 2, 2005). "Managing Google's Idea Factory". Bloomberg Businessweek. Retrieved October 9, 2014.

  21. "Marissa Mayer" From Finland to Yahoo!". MyHeritage. July 18, 2012. Retrieved October 9, 2014.

  22. Hrodey, Matt (May 14, 2013). "Mighty Mayer". Milwaukee Mag. Retrieved October 9, 2014.

  23. Carlson, Nicholas (August 24, 2013). "The Truth About Marissa Mayer: An Unauthorised Biography". Business Insider. Archived from the original on August 25, 2013. Retrieved October 1, 2014.

  24. McLean, Bethany (January 2014). "Yahoo’s Geek Goddess". Vanity Fair. Retrieved October 9, 2014.

  25. Rodriguez, Salvador (July 16, 2012). "Look back at Marissa Mayer's 2011 Los Angeles Times interview". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved October 9, 2014.

  26. "Did You Know?" (PDF). WSD Dialogue (Wausau School District). Spring 2010. p. 11. Retrieved August 26, 2012.

  27. Nalley, Steven (June 28, 2012). "Wang attends National Youth Science Camp". Starkville Daily News. Retrieved July 16, 2012.

  28. Perry, Tekla S. (March 30, 2012). "Marissa Mayer: Google’s Chic Geek". IEEE Spectrum. Retrieved October 1, 2014.

  29. Leahey, Colleen (December 1, 2011). "Google's Marissa Mayer: How I got ahead". Fortune Magazine. Retrieved October 1, 2014.

  30. Singer, Sally (March 28, 2012). "From the Archives: Google’s Marissa Mayer in Vogue". Vogue. Retrieved October 2, 2014.

  31. "Marissa Mayer ’97 becomes CEO of Yahoo". The Stanford Daily. July 19, 2012. Retrieved October 1, 2014.

  32. "Google VP Marissa Mayer to Address 2009 IIT Graduates". IIT Media Room (Illinois Institute of Technology). March 25, 2009. Retrieved May 16, 2009.

  33. "IIT Media Room". May 18, 2009. Retrieved June 14, 2013.

  34. "Marissa Mayer 92Y Interview". YouTube. February 20, 2013. Retrieved November 28, 2013.

  35. Sutter, John D. (July 17, 2012). "Know Yahoo's Marissa Mayer in 11 facts". CNN. Retrieved October 9, 2014.

  36. "Yahoo! Appoints Marissa Mayer Chief Executive Officer". Business Wire. July 16, 2012. Retrieved October 10, 2014.

  37. Sloan, Paul (July 16, 2012). "Google's Marissa Mayer becomes Yahoo CEO". CNET. Retrieved August 26, 2012.

  38. Guglielmo, Connie (July 16, 2012). "Google's Page Says Mayer Will Be Missed; HP's Whitman Welcomes Yahoo's New CEO". Forbes. Retrieved August 26, 2012.

  39. Riggins, Nash (July 3, 2014). "Marissa Mayer: Queen of Silicon Valley". World Finance. Retrieved October 7, 2014.

  40. Miller, Lisa (October 7, 2012). "Can Marissa Mayer Really Have It All?". New York Magazine. Retrieved October 9, 2014.

  41. Tischler, Linda (November 1, 2005). "THE BEAUTY OF SIMPLICITY". The Fast Company. Retrieved October 9, 2014.

  42. Sorkin, Andrew Ross; Rusli, Evelyn M (July 16, 2012). "A Yahoo Search Calls Up a Chief From Google". The New York Times. Retrieved August 26, 2012.

  43. Levy, Steven (2011). "Part Four: Google's Cloud". In the Plex: How Google Thinks, Works, and Shapes Our Lives. Simon & Schuster. ISBN 978-1-4165-9658-5.

  44. Thomas, Owen (July 23, 2012). "MARISSA'S MARVELS: The Graduates Of Her Google Genius School". Business Insider. Retrieved October 7, 2014.

  45. "Marissa Mayer". Fortune. Retrieved October 9, 2014.

  46. Guthrie, Julian (February 8, 2008). "The adventures of Marissa". San Francisco Magazine. Archived from the original on October 9, 2014. Retrieved October 9, 2014.

  47. "Marissa Mayer's Career At Google - Business Insider". Business Insider. September 1, 2013.

  48. Miller, Claire Cain (October 12, 2010). "At Google, Mayer Takes a New Job". The New York Times Bits Blog. Retrieved August 26, 2012.

  49. "Marissa Mayer". Stanford University's Entrepreneurship Corner. Retrieved October 1, 2014.

  50. Chang, Andrea (July 16, 2012). "Google executive Marissa Mayer named Yahoo's new chief executive". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved August 26, 2012.

  51. Oreskovic, Alexei; Lauria, Peter (July 16, 2012). "Yahoo snags Google's Mayer as CEO in surprise hire". MSNBC. Reuters. Retrieved July 18, 2012.

  52. Sellers, Patricia (October 22, 2013). "How Yahoo CEO Mayer fixed 1,000 problems - Postcards". Retrieved November 28, 2013.

  53. "Why Marissa Mayer Told Remote Employees To Work In An Office ... Or Quit". Business Insider. February 24, 2013. Retrieved February 24, 2013.

  54. Guynn, Jessica (February 26, 2013). "Yahoo CEO Marissa Mayer causes uproar with telecommuting ban". Retrieved June 14, 2013.

  55. Carlson, Nicholas (April 30, 2013). "Marissa Mayer Doubles Yahoo's Paid Maternity Leave, Gives Dads Eight Weeks Off". Business Insider. Retrieved June 14, 2013.

  56. Pepitone, Julianne (April 30, 2013). "Marissa Mayer extends Yahoo's maternity leave - CNNMoney - Apr. 30, 2013". Retrieved June 14, 2013.

  57. McCullough, DG (August 8, 2014). "Women CEOs: Why companies in crisis hire minorities - and then fire them". The Guardian. Retrieved October 9, 2014.

  58. Lublin, Joann S.; Efrati, Amir; Ante, Spencer E. (May 20, 2013). "Yahoo Deal Shows Power Shift". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved October 10, 2014.

  59. de la Merced, Michael J.; Bilton, Nick; Perlroth, Nicole (May 19, 2013). "Yahoo to Buy Tumblr for $1.1 Billion". The New York Times. Retrieved October 10, 2014.

  60. "Yahoo revenue falls on slow ad sales". Retrieved July 18, 2013.

  61. Victoria Edwards (September 21, 2013). "6 Things We Learned From Marissa Mayer and Mark Zuckerberg at TechCrunch Disrupt 2013". Search Engine Watch. Incisive Media Incisive Interactive Marketing LLC. Retrieved September 23, 2013.

  62. (Yahoo! Inc) (November 12, 2013). "Yahoo's Latest HR